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La commande 'lsldap' permet de récupérer des informations du serveur LDAP utilisé.

En spécificiant des entités précises du LDAP, on peut afficher certaines informations, éventuellement filtrées.

Exemples suivant le serveur LDAP utilisé :

# lsldap -a passwd  

 dn: cn=Myname,O=MYORG

objectclass: top
objectclass: person
objectclass: posixAccount
objectclass: ibm-nativeAuthentication
objectclass: ibm-auxAccount
objectclass: inetOrgPerson
objectclass: organizationalperson
uid: Myname
cn: name
uidnumber: 50220001
gidnumber: 10001
homedirectory: /home/Myname
loginshell: /bin/bash

 ou

# lsldap -a passwd   egen031

dn: cn=User031,ou=CptPersonnel-MUT,ou=Identifiants,o=MUT,dc=Local
pmuAccountType: Compte Personnel
pmuDateFin: 20151231120000.0Z
pmuDateDebut: 20150122120000.0Z
pmuMatricule: User031
loginShell: /bin/bash
homeDirectory: /home/User031
gidNumber: 110
uidNumber: 57031
sasDefaultLoginSequence: <no default>
employeeType: Employe
mail: Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.
uid: User031
givenName: Christian
fullName: SONOLET Christian
Language: FRANCAIS
sn: SONOLET

Il est alors possible de récupérer uniquement un champ de cette interrogation :

# lsldap -a passwd User031 |grep fullName

fullName: SONOLET Christian

 

Ci-dessous la documentation officielle en V7.1

lsldap Command

       Note: If an LDAP user is created with a UID > 2 ^ 31, the lsldap command displays it as a negative number.

Purpose

       Displays naming service objects from the configured LDAP directory server.

Syntax

       lsldap [-a] [ entity [ entry_name | filter ] ]

Description

       The lsldap command displays the naming service objects from the configured LDAP directory server. It queries the LDAP server through

       the secldapclntd daemon. Some or all of the objects of a particular entity can be listed by the lsldap command. By default, the

       lsldap command displays only the distinguished name (DN) of the returned objects. In addition, the -a flag can be used to view the

       attributes.

       The lsldap command supports the following entities:

       Entity                                       objectClass                                   Default attribute name

       aapolicies                                   ibm-aixAccountingAdminPolicy                  ibm-aixAdminPolicyName

       aaprojects                                   ibm-aixAccountingProject                      ibm-aixProjectName

       admkeystore                                  ibm-usrkeystore                               cn

       aixpert                                      ibm-aixAixpert                                ibm-aixpertLabel

       aliases                                      mailGroup                                     cn

       auditclass                                   AIXAuditClassStanza                           auditclassstanza

       auditconfig                                  AIXAuditConfig                                auditconfig

       authorizations                               ibm-authorization                             cn

       automount                                    automountMap nisObject                        automountMapNamenisMapName

       bootparams                                   bootableDevice                                cn

       domains                                      ibm-aixRBACdomain                             ibm-aixRBACdomainName

       domobjs                                      ibm-aixRBACdomainObject                       ibm-aixRBACdomainObjectName

       efscookies                                   ibm-efskscookies                              cn

       ethers                                       ieee802Device                                 cn

       group                                        posixgroupAIXAccessGroup                      cngroupname

       grpkeystore                                  ibm-grpkeystore                               cn

       hosts                                        ipHost                                        cn

       netgroup                                     ipNetgroup                                    cn

       networks                                     ipNetwork                                     cn

       passwd                                       posixAccountAIXAccount                        uidusername

       privcmds                                     ibm-privcmd                                   cn

       privdevs                                     ibm-privdev                                   cn

       protocols                                    ipProtocol                                    cn

       roles                                        aixaccessroles                                rolename

       rpc                                          oncRpc                                        cn

       services                                     ipService                                     cn

       privfiles                                    ibm-privfile                                  cn

       usrkeystore                                  ibm-usrkeystore                               cn

       The automount entity has two object classes. The lsldap command treats automountMap with higher precedence over nisMap by always

       returning automountMap objects if it finds any, and returning nisMap objects only in the absence of automountMap objects.

       For the passwd and group entities, the lsldap command returns the correct objects according to the LDAP client configuration.

       However, the correct attribute name corresponding to the object classes must be supplied for lsldap passwd attribute=value queries.

       If an entity name is not specified from the command line, the lsldap command displays container entries of the entities and any other

       entries that are siblings of these containers. Users must have root permissions to list the container entries.

       The entry_name parameter is the name of the object to be queried. For example, if the entity is passwd, the entry_name is the user

       account name. The entry_name parameter is equivalent to default attribute name = entry_name. The lsldap command accepts the *

       wildcard in entry_name for a substring search. All entries are returned if entry_name is not specified.

       Instead of entry_name, a filter can also be supplied to search for entries that match certain criteria. Simple filters can be

       specified as attributename=attributevalue, where attributename is the LDAP attribute name.

       The lsldap command prints the result to stdout. If the -a flag is not specified, lsldap prints entries that are found in the form of

       DNs, with each DN separated by a blank line. If the -a flag is specified, each entry is printed in the ldif format, with a blank line

       between entries.

Flags

       Item

            Description

       -a

            Displays all attributes of returned objects. By default only the DN of the objects are displayed.

Exit Status

       Upon success, the lsldap command returns 0. Upon failure, a nonzero value is returned, with one of the following error messages that

       are written to stderr:

       Item

            Description

       EIO

            Connection error.

       EINVAL

            Invalid parameters.

       EPERM

            No permission to run the operation.

       ENOMEM

            Not enough memory.

       other errno

            Other errors.

Security

       The lsldap command can be run by any user. It is owned by the root user and security group, and has access permissions of 555.

       When you list the passwd entity with the -a flag by root user, lsldap returns all attributes of the found users. However, when the

       same command is run by a nonprivileged user, lsldap returns only the same commonly readable attributes as returned by the lsuser

       command in addition to the object class information. For all other entities, there is no difference in output regardless of which

       user runs the command.

Examples

       1    To list all entries of the host entity, enter the following command:

            lsldap hosts

            Information similar to the following is returned:

            dn: cn=myhost+ipHostNumber=192.3.193.46,ou=Hosts,cn=aixdata

            dn: cn=starfish+ipHostNumber=192.3.193.47,ou=Hosts,cn=aixdata

            dn: cn=loopback+ipHostNumber=127.0.0.1,ou=Hosts,cn=aixdata

       2    To list host starfish and all of its attributes, enter the following command:

            lsldap -a hosts starfish

            Information similar to the following is returned:

            dn: cn=starfish+ipHostNumber=192.3.193.47,ou=Hosts,cn=aixdata

            objectClass: top

            objectClass: ipHost

            objectClass: device

            ipHostNumber: 192.3.193.47

            cn: loopback

            cn: localhost

       3    To list users with names that begin with the letter b, enter the following command:

            lsldap passwd "b*"

            Information similar to the following is returned:

            dn: uid=bin,ou=people,cn=aixdata

            dn: uid=bob,ou=people,cn=aixdata

       4    To list user foo and its attributes, enter the following command:

            lsldap -a passwd foo

            Information similar to the following is returned:

            dn: uid=foo,ou=people,cn=aixdata

            uid: foo

            objectClass: account

            objectClass: posixAccount

            objectClass: shadowAccount

            objectClass: top

            cn: foo

            uidNumber: 259

            gidNumber: 1

            homeDirectory: /home/foo

            loginShell: /usr/bin/ksh

            shadowlastchange: 12740

            userpassword: {crypt}rNnLQ9TAD2u/k

            shadowmin: 5

       5    To list users who run /usr/bin/ksh, enter the following command:

            lsldap passwd loginshell=/usr/bin/ksh

            Information similar to the following is returned:

            dn: uid=bin,ou=people,cn=aixdata

            dn: uid=bob,ou=people,cn=aixdata

            dn: uid=foo,ou=people,cn=aixdata

Restrictions

       The lsldap command relies on the secldapclntd daemon to work.

Location

       /usr/sbin/lsldap

   
   
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